It seems to me he was more influential on some groups than others.
Looks like he had more of an influence on the Beach Boys and the
Rolling Stones than the Beatles.
Prince came on the scene so many years after Berry you wonder how
much of an influence Berry could have been, there being so many
changes in music during those years. I would think that Hendrix and
funk would be bigger influences than Berry, but who knows?
You may be trying to draw direct influence too much. Listen to the Beatles earliest stuff, and it's blues-based rave-up rockers, which if not directly influenced by Berry, were influenced indirectly. As in, they tried to sound like Eddie Cochran or Buddy Holly, who were trying to to sound like Chuck Berry.
Same with Prince. He listened to artists who were influenced by Berry. so the inspiration is there, even if not directly.