Stephan55

THE GET SMART THREAD

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A thread for people who wish to get smarter, or just learn some trivial facts to impress their friends.

Enjoy!

 

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Here are a few resource links to help any one who can see, hear, and read, to become ever so much more "Smarter" on about any topic thus far concieved by the mind of man.

WORLD LIBRARY LINKS

Books
https://openlibrary.org/

ebooks & texts
https://archive.org/details/texts

Video
https://archive.org/details/movies

Audio
https://archive.org/details/audio

Images
https://archive.org/details/image


--------------------------------

Documentary Films

https://topdocumentaryfilms.com

https://sprword.com/

PBS
https://www.pbs.org/

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Our Story in 6 Minutes

 

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The Sad, Sad Story of Laika, the Space Dog

 

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What Happened to Felicette in Space? *The Space Cat*

 

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What Happened to Ham in Space? *Sad Story of Ham*

 

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This is one of my favorite YouTube channels. He breaks down the text sentence by sentence and explains in very easy to understand terms what the philosopher or writer meant by it.

 

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How Did Dinosaurs Get So Huge?

 

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The Island of Shrinking Mammoths

 

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Animal Size Comparison - Extinct vs Living

 

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Ever look at a map of the Mediterranean and notice the fairly large island of Sardinia? Ever ask yourself why for an island that size, is it hardly ever mentioned by anyone? Why isn't it more important? Well at one time it was vitally important. At one time it was the seat of a kingdom in the Western Alps called the Kingdom of Savoy, which stood for 400 yrs, and which is now divided up between France, Italy, and Switzerland.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savoy

Savoy2.png

800px-Italy_1796.svg.png

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On 2/16/2019 at 8:24 AM, Sgt_Markoff said:

Ever look at a map of the Mediterranean and notice the fairly large island of Sardinia? Ever ask yourself why for an island that size, is it hardly ever mentioned by anyone? Why isn't it more important? Well at one time it was vitally important. At one time it was the seat of a kingdom in the Western Alps called the Kingdom of Savoy, which stood for 400 yrs, and which is now divided up between France, Italy, and Switzerland.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savoy

Thanks Sarge,
Good example on the transient "permanence" of Kingdoms, states, and nation states....

I haven't checked the link for accuracy, just looking at the map and using my memory (which may be flawed) to recall what is significant about Sardinia to me.

Of course it was populated by indigenous people for many millennia before the Sea Peoples and Carthaginian Empire occupied it. Then, given over to the Romans (along with Sicily and other concessions) at the conclusion of the first Punic War.

Jump forward to the late 18th century... I seem to recall that a young Napoleon used his artillery and the high ground to force the British fleet to back off from the port of Nice (I believe?).
[Edit: Close but no cigar. It wasn't Nice, it was the port of Toulon.]
Later, he was charged to take control of a bedraggled French army in mainland Sardinia (Savoy?) and defeated the Austrians and their allies in Northern Italy. (I believe that he requested Josephine to join him in Turin, or maybe it was Milan?) Afterwards he "liberated" Milan and Northern Italy, from Austrian occupation and defeated a coalition of several of the small allied Italian states (from the Papal States northward). Making his way to Venice, before turning N. East, in an end run through the Alps, to join with other French forces at the gates of Vienna, forcing the Austrians to temporarily abandon their part of the war against the fledgling French Republic.

Jump forward to the late 20th century and and the discovery of Otzi the Ice Man, who walked the earth over 5,000 years ago before being murdered in the Alpine mountains between Austrian Tyrol and Northern Italy.
Why Otzi?
Well I recall reading that this early Bronze age mountaineer's DNA links him to the existing population of Sardinians. Not that Otzi came from the island, but it is surmised that he existed in a time when his genetic relatives occupied most of the Italic peninsula and beyond. But since that time have been supplanted everywhere else except the island of Sardinia, where his closest matching (albeit distant) relatives still exist to this day. 

And, as learned from the little video above (about dwarf mammoths), upon Sardinia (as well as several of the Mediterranean islands, and Isles far beyond that sea) have been discovered the skeletal fossil remains of dwarf elephants. Providing numerous examples of insular dwarfism.

Oh, and one more very minor (albeit personal) reason why Sardinia sticks in my mind is that when I was staying in a little town south of Munchen, in Bavaria, there was this little family owned gelato shop that I used to frequent in the piazza. The husband and wife were both from Sardinia, but first met each other while going to school in Germany. They fell in love, got married and had a couple of little nationalized "German" kids. But during the winter they close up their little shop for a few weeks and visit their parents in Sardinia, where everything is warm and beautiful. 

Okay Sarge, I may be a little flaky (precision wise) on my Napoleonic history, but otherwise how'd I do for an impromptu off the cuff quiz on Sardinia? :rolleyes:

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The History of Europe: Every Year (from 400BC-2017)

 

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"It's called the Holy Roman Empire but it's not Holy or Roman or an Empire. What's up with that?" :lol: 

300?cb=20060829200046

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4 hours ago, Stephan55 said:

Jump forward to the late 20th century and and the discovery of Otzi the Ice Man, who walked the earth over 5,000 years ago before being murdered in the Alpine mountains between Austrian Tyrol and Northern Italy.
Why Otzi?
Well I recall reading that this early Bronze age mountaineer's DNA links him to the existing population of Sardinians. Not that Otzi came from the island, but it is surmised that he existed in a time when his genetic relatives occupied most of the Italic peninsula and beyond. But since that time have been supplanted everywhere else except the island of Sardinia, where his closest matching (albeit distant) relatives still exist to this day. 

The Sardinians, Basques and Saami are the closest to the European inhabitants before the Indo-Europeans arrived, I believe.

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On 2/16/2019 at 8:24 AM, Sgt_Markoff said:

Ever look at a map of the Mediterranean and notice the fairly large island of Sardinia? Ever ask yourself why for an island that size, is it hardly ever mentioned by anyone? Why isn't it more important? Well at one time it was vitally important. At one time it was the seat of a kingdom in the Western Alps called the Kingdom of Savoy, which stood for 400 yrs, and which is now divided up between France, Italy, and Switzerland.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savoy

Savoy2.png

 

 This has me totally freaked out. I've never seen anybody mention the Western Alps or Savoie or Chambe'ry before on this website!

But I lived there for one year at the top of the Alps with a lot of nice Arab Muslim people of  Algerian descent for Neighbors.

 It's beautiful, but there's not much to see there and as I always told people who were passing through on the train:

keep going to Grenoble because there's no skiing here. LOL  However, you can see the old castle which has been extended into a federal government office. I can remember spending a lot of time there.

 

 

 

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Vaubin's constructions for Louis XIV were mostly impregnable. This design doesn't exemplify his principles as far as I can tell. No wonder it failed. Vaubin made a fortress out of the whole country of France in the 1600s.

p.s. I'm not benefiting from most of this thread of course, since I hardly ever watch 'Youtube' videos...but yeah its still a great thread.

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Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban, I've read his Attack and Defense of Fortified Places, he could tell you exactly how long a defence would last. There are some nice examples of his fortification designs here in the Eastern part of North America.

Image result for Fort Ticonderoga

Ft. Carillon (Ticonderoga)

Image result for louisbourg fort

Louisbourg 

 Image result for Fort. Duquesne

Ft. Duquesne

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Didn't know where to post this so I'm doing it here;    I just received an email security alert from TCM that someone using a different IP address has been trying to sign in as 'me'.    The message said I should change my password.

Only Sybil would attempt to do such a thing,  right?

 

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