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  1. Much debate has gone into deciding what is noir and what isn't. I found this in a Wikipedia article about Nino Frank. "In 1946, Frank and fellow critic Jean-Pierre Chartier wrote two film articles that described Hollywood crime dramas from the 1940s as “film noir.” Frank’s article, “Un nouveau genre ‘policier:’ L’aventure criminelle,” (“A new police genre: the criminal adventure”) was published in the socialist-leaning film magazine L’écran français in August 1946. Frank’s article listed “…rejection of sentimental humanism, the social fantastic, and the dynamism of violent death” as being obsessive French noir themes and called attention to the American proclivity for criminal psychology and misogyny.” [3] Frank’s article stated that “these "dark" films, these films noirs, no longer have anything in common with the ordinary run of detective movies”, and the article "reflects the difficulty of finding a suitable label for these dark films."[4] Frank’s article states that the noir films "belong to what used to be called the detective film genre, but which would now be better termed the crime, or, even better yet, the "crime psychology film.” Jean-Pierre Chartier's essay, from November 1946, appeared in the conservative-leaning Revue du cinema, titled "Les Américains aussi font des films 'noirs'" ("the Americans also make 'black' films"), and criticized what he deemed the common thread of film noir, the “pessimism and disgust for humanity.”[3] " So to qualify for the term, a film must be: About crime Nihilistic Mysogynist Extremely violent Have elements of fantasy Notice there is no mention of chiaroscuro lighting. This comes from German Expressionist films. So check each movie you watch for the five elements listed and 'you got noir'.
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