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*"ESCAPE FROM FORT BRAVO" (1953) Review*


Years ago, I used to watch a great deal of old movies on late night television. My two favorite channels that offered these movies were Turner Network Television (TNT) and the American Movies Classic (AMC), which used to air movies without any commercial breaks. On TNT, I had stumbled across a Western movie originally released by MGM Studios in 1953 called ?ESCAPE FROM FORT BRAVO? (1953) and fell in love with it. After watching my recently purchased DVD copy of the movie, I could see why it became a favorite of mine.


Directed by John Sturges during the first decade of his directorial career, ?ESCAPE FROM FORT BRAVO? told the story of a Union Army officer that served as the second-in-command of a prisoner-of-war camp located in the Arizona Territory in 1863. The movie?s opening pretty much set the stage of what kind of character Captain Roper was, as it depicted him dragging an escaped Confederate prisoner back to Fort Bravo. The fact that Roper was on horseback and his prisoner ? a Lieutenant Bailey ? was on foot pretty much established the Union officer as a hard-nosed and ruthless man. That flint-like personality was exacerbated by his cynicism, revealed in his reactions to the other characters? disapproval of his treatment of Bailey. However, chaos soon arrived in the form of one Carla Forrester, a Texas belle who arrived at Fort Bravo to serve as maid-of-honor at the wedding of Alice Owens, the daughter of Fort Bravo?s commanding officer, Colonel Owens. Carla was also there to ensure the escape of the prisoners? ranking officer, her fianc? Captain John Marsh and a few of his men. In order to keep their Union jailers distracted, Carla set out to seduce and romance the fort?s most feared man ? Captain Roper.


When I first saw ?ESCAPE FROM FORT BRAVO?, I never thought I would become such a diehard fan of the movie. Do not get me wrong. It was not the best or innovative Western I had ever seen. Screenwriters Frank Fenton and an unaccredited Michael Pate had created a solid character study about conflicts ? both political and personal ? between the Union and Confederate troops in the Civil War Southwest, and the conflict between the Apaches and everyone else. The movie even had a happy ending ? somewhat. Yet, Sturges, Fenton and Pate managed to lift a solid tale into something more fascinating by infusing a great deal of emotion and complexity in the main characters And it were these complex characters that truly made ?ESCAPE FROM FORT BRAVO? for me. The characters seemed to seethe with an array of emotions that eventually burst forth as the movie unfolded. Many of these emotions seemed to center around the story?s main character.


One of those characters happened to be Carla Forrester. And Eleanor Parker managed to do a top-notch job in portraying the bundle of contradictions that simmered underneath her ladylike fa?ade. Parker portrayed Carla as a cool Southern belle with impeccable manners and a talent for seduction. Her Carla also possessed the ruthlessness to browbeat a reluctant pro-Southern storekeeper into helping Marsh and his men escape; a boldness that allowed her to chase after Roper in an age where women were valued for being passive; and a great deal of passion for Marsh and later, Roper. One of the more interesting aspects of Parker?s performance was expessing Carla?s struggles to suppress her feelings for Roper. Recently, I learned that Parker had earned the nickname Woman of a Thousand Faces. Judging from her portrayal of Carla Forrester, I would say that she deserved the name.


I have been a fan of John Forsythe since his years as Charlie Townsend?s voice in ?CHARLIE?S ANGELS? (1976-1981) and his work on the ABC nighttime soap opera ?DYNASTY? (1981-1989). But I must admit that I found his performance in ?ESCAPE FROM FORT BRAVO? somewhat perplexing. On one hand, Forsythe did a solid job in portraying John Marsh?s patience, intelligence and slightly caustic nature - especially in scenes that featured Marsh's exchanges with his fellow Confederate prisoners. However, there seemed to be something not quite . . . right about the character. I do not know if the fault lay with Forsythe?s performance or Fenton and Pate?s screenplay. The problem with the Marsh character or Forsythe?s acting seemed to be Marsh?s successful ability to suppress his emotions. There were times when I wondered if the only true feelings that Marsh had centered around his desire to escape. And when he finally did express his his jealousy toward Carla?s feelings about Roper ? it came off as slightly unconvincing. Either Forsythe had failed to sell it . . . or Fenton and Pate failed to allow Marsh to express his jealousy until it was too late in the story.


I certainly cannot accuse William Demarest and William Campbell for giving unconvincing performances. The pair portrayed two of the Confederate prisoners ? the wise ?old? man Sergeant Campbell and the cocky young Cabot Young. The pair seemed to be engaged in some kind of verbal warfare that I found a lot of fun. Yet, it also seemed to hint some kind of mild dislike between the two ? until the ending revealed their true feelings for each other. Two other performances caught my attention ? John Lupo as the cowardly Confederate officer Lieutenant Bailey and Richard Anderson (of ?THE SIX MILLION DOLLAR MAN? and ?THE BIONIC WOMAN? fame) as the soon-to-be husband of Alice Owen, Lieutenant Beecher. What made these two characters interesting was that each man ? in his own way ? seemed capable of some kind of courage. Although a physical coward, Bailey possessed the courage to openly admit his limitations. And Beecher had no qualms about openly expressing his disapproval of Roper?s ruthlessness, despite being the captain?s subordinate.


While writing this review, it occurred to me that I had yet to comment on William Holden?s performance as the hard-nosed Captain Roper. The same year (1953) that MGM released ?ESCAPE FROM FORT BRAVO?, Paramount released Billy Wilder?s movie, ?STALAG 17? - the movie that featured Holden?s Oscar winning performance. If I had my way, I would have given Holden the Oscar for his performances in both movies. What I found amazing about his portrayal of Roper is that in the hands of a lesser actor, the character could have easily ended up one-dimensional. Ironically, most of the supporting characters seemed to view him as a one-dimensional hard ****. Yet, Holden managed to effectively convey Roper?s complexity by perfectly balancing the character?s ruthlessness with an intelligent, witty and passionate man. In the end, he actor did a superb job in combining the many aspects of Roper?s personality into a complex and interesting character.


MGM?s Oscar winning costume designer Helen Rose added color to the movie with some lush costumes befitting the movie?s early 1860s setting. Unfortunately, Rose made one serious misstep with a yellow evening gown worn by Eleanor Parker. The gown seemed more befitting of a movie set in the early 1950s, instead of the 1860s. It is not surprising that Rose had received her Oscar nominations and wins for movies in a modern setting. I also have to commend cinematographer Robert Surtees for capturing the Southwest landscape (Southern California and New Mexico) without overwhelming the performers. Surtees also made use of the Ansco cameras to give the movie a rich and lush aura, allowing the desert to seem more colorful than usual.


Surprisingly, Frank Fenton and Michael Pate?s script for ?ESCAPE FROM FORT BRAVO? seemed to bear a small, yet striking resemblance to John Ford?s 1939 classic, ?STAGECOACH?. Both movies are basically character studies of a group of people in a Western setting ? namely the Southwest ? that included action against the Apaches in the final acts. And the Apaches in both films proved to be nothing more than plot devices to drive the characters? situations forward. However, Sturges and the two screenwriters gave the Apaches? roles a twist by portraying them as an organized military unit, instead of a bunch of rampaging ?savages?, during a sequence that featured Roper, Carla, Beecher, Marsh, Bailey, Campbell and Young under besiege by the Apaches? ?bombardment? of arrow similar to Henry V?s use of English and Welsh longbowmen at the Battle of Agincourt. And unlike the John Wayne and Claire Trevor characters in ?STAGECOACH?, this movie left the fate of Roper and Carla?s future romance in the air. After all, she had assisted in the Confederates? escape.


It is a shame that ?ESCAPE FROM FORT BRAVO? has never been considered when top Hollywood Westers are discussed. Or even when John Sturges? career is discussed. Frankly, I believe the movie deserves to be considered. Sturges had taken Frank Fenton and Michael Pate?s sharp screenplay and a top notch cast to create a tense and complex Western that I feel is one of the best I have seen to come out of the Hollywood studio era.

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When I first saw this picture the climax was one of the most unusual and frightening (from the character's perspective) that I could recall. I'd have to watch it again to comment on Forsythe but I remember Demarest did a really good job. Holden was always good at playing tough characters.

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To DR-76: The amazing things I find on these threads! I too, like this movie and agree with much of what you said. I've seen it several times on various stations including TCM.


John Sturges, Director and Michael Pate, co-author says it all. When Pate got his listing in the 2008 TCM Remembers, I was upset that he was only credited as an actor and not actor/screenwriter. I found it interesting that two of the best on-screen bad guys, Leo Gordon and Pate, were both excellent as well as prolific writers which is something I?m not sure is as well known as it should be. Why was Pate unaccredited?


The Southwest might not be lush and green but the earth tones mountains are beautiful in color and this movie has that to spare. Thank you for letting us knows the man and process behind this.


Since you did not mention the music, I will. They gave it a catchy military song much like the Ford/Wayne Westerns usually had. The rest of the score did not overpower but complement the rest of the film.


The costumes were breathtaking. Are you referring to the strapless gown with the crossed sash in your comments? It did look a bit bare for what we usually see in films of that era outside of a saloon. The rest of the dresses seemed to fit although I wonder if any women really wore things that opulent in the daytime.


Demarest, Campbell, Anderson, and Lupton were their usual dependable selves. When Fox remade Broken Arrow for TV, Lupton played James Stewart?s role and should have become well known that he did. I can?t see anybody else as Bailey. Polly Bergen, as Beecher?s bride, doesn?t do much but Anderson makes us see her as Beecher does, a woman worth loving until death.


I though Roper and Carla get cozy a bit too fast until later on when I realize it starts out part of the plan on her part but real for him. Then she gets caught in her own feelings. Another throwback to Ford/Wayne comes in when you see Roper grows flowers as Yellow Ribbon?s Nettles did and like him has a trusted aide ala Victor McLaughlin?s Quincannon. These little human touches make us believe that under that hardness is a man who wants to love and be loved like the rest of us.


I find your comments about Forsythe?s Colonel Marsh interesting. Since he was a ?Southern Gentleman?, I saw him as a product of that culture, courtly, reserved with feelings underneath although certainly not as deep as Roper?s. Or maybe since he was in reality only the third but necessary part of the triangle, it didn?t matter.


I saw Eleanor Parker in Caged years ago where she went from innocent to deadly and also Detective Story so I know she can act. I believed her more after the escape than I did earlier. From a book I read years ago I?m told she was a lightning rod: some pundits loved her work, others thought her overrated. I?m on the fence.


Although I see some Ford/Wayne similarities I did not think of Stagecoach. I think the story is pretty original in itself. I do wonder what happened when they got back to Fort Bravo; it?s like The Lady or the Tiger, you can write your own ending. For me, she went to a military prison until the war ended but Roper waited for her.


Do you think between the two of us we have drummed up enough interest in this movie to get others to see it? I hope so. And I?ll give any other critiques you come up with plenty of consideration from now on.

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  • 8 years later...

Very fine write-up.

Y'know even though Holden is my fave male star and even though I like Sturges a LOT...I've never bothered to explore this film. Reason: its always sounded like just an overly-simplistic 'oater' to me; especially seein' as how John Carpenter based "Assault on Precinct 13" on it (?). But the OPs' sterling review makes me regret I haven't followed-through on this one.


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