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Warner Brothers Directors


mrroberts
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I cant answer about accountants, and budgets,.etc. What I can comment on is the B movie. As the lower half of a double bill, the box office take would be assigned to the main feature, usually a programmer. Exceptions to this would be in the rare instances when the B movie would play as the main feature. Exhibitors were quick to provide feedback to the studios when there was a "sleeper" B movie. The studio might start to promote this film, and the playdates would be adjusted accordingly. Here, it sould be possible to gauge the take for the B film, since it was now considered the film the customers paid to see.

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It certainly was an inexact science when accountants assigned costs to any particular film. So many people were involved that were under a weekly salary. I don't think anyone sat around being idle, there was always something to do. So you would jump around from one set to another, even working on a different film. They need a "cabbie" on that film so I get out of my "butler" suit and run across the lot to be a "cabbie" for an hour or so. When the director needs a brief street scene they quick grab that set when its free to use. The only time you could properly assign a cost is when something was created specifically for that film, or an actor was there only to work on that film. The really efficient directors were the ones who could make maximum use of the facilities at hand. If a Lloyd Bacon could grab an established set , get his scenes done quickly without altering things (in case some other project was in the middle of using that set for multiple scenes) Bacon's film could get the use at zero cost with the other film project paying the freight. There were probably issues at times between the different directors over who was getting charged for those expenses.

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I always thought that the actors were paid a set rate per week (or whatever the pay frequency was) regardless of whether or not they were actively involved with a project. Obviously, the bigger the project and the bigger the success of the film, the more the actor's salary rose. Contract negotiations allowed actors whose presence in a film had made the film a success to demand more money for their services.

 

Errol Flynn, for example, I believe was initially hired on at Warners for $150/week. I believe he spent a lot of the beginning of his contract wandering around the lot trying to get work in a project. He was paid $150 regardless. When he finally got "Captain Blood," his contract secured him $500/week for his leading role. After the success of "Captain Blood," Flynn was upset that he received such a paltry sum. After "Captain Blood," Flynn's salary jumped to $2,500 and the more popular he became, the more he received. I believe he was making $6,000/week when he filmed "The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex."

 

At some point though, I wonder if Warners did away with the weekly salaries and started paying their actors a flat fee. During the 40s when Flynn was filming his Westerns and WWII films, his fee was $200,000/film.

 

Sorry if it sounds like I'm rambling, I am curious as to how the actors were compensated for their work. I figured under the studio system, they were treated the same as any other employee (whether they were a banker, stock broker, realtor, etc.). I don't think though that the number of projects an actor was working on mattered much since they were being paid a salary. Perhaps if the actor was making a flat rate per film (regardless of whether it took 1 week or 40 weeks to film), then he/she would be paid a fee for every project they were working on simultaneously.

 

I also am curious as to how someone would be compensated if they took on multiple roles to produce the film. For example, an actor writes, directs, produces and stars in a film. Do they get one salary? Or four salaries?

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Speed, I have to believe that most of the expenses for running a studio were fixed costs. Owning and maintaining all of the facilities and most employees were either on a salary, or worked a typical number of hours a week, etc. Any employer is going to try to maximize the use of his fixed costs. Tom mentioned that Olivia de Havilland was loaned out for *Gone With the Wind* filming but Mr. Warner also had her doing double duty by working on a film back at Warners. If I'm paying her a fixed salary I'm going to get the most work out of her. In a factory setting employees get "cross trained" and can do multiple jobs so there's little chance of any idle time. If the employee excels at their work the employer (reluctantly) may have to raise the pay or risk having the employee quit. When an actor would become a big box office star they might start negotiating on a pay per film basis. Of course they run the risk of getting a big pay today but then having an uncertain future. I'm sure most actors (excluding the big stars) were quite happy with the stability of a set salary.

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I think it's interesting to look at the salaries that Warners top stars received, as well as that star's position in the Quigley Top Ten poll from motion picture exhibitors.

 

Selecting 1939, often hailed as Hollywood's greatest year for movies, Warner Brothers had three stars that appeared in the Quigley Top Ten poll:

 

No. 6 Bette Davis

No. 8 Errol Flynn

No. 9 James Cagney

 

Interestingly, those three stars' salaries for that year were listed as follows: Cagney came in on top (by a wide margin) with $368,333, followed by Flynn at $213,333 and, lagging far behind, Davis with $129,750.

 

No wonder Bette had to be tough and stand up for herself with Jack Warner (as did all the men, too, for that matter).

 

Meanwhile, blowing all three of these Warners players out of the water salary-wise in 1939 was Gary Cooper, who was not in the Quigley Top Ten list that year (but had been in 1936 and 1937).

 

Cooper took home $295,106 from Goldwyn and $187,713 from Paramount, to whom he was loaned.

 

By the way, none of these salary listings are absolute hard "facts." My source says they come from a combination of trade journals, government reports and biographies. But they do give an indication of the value that their studios placed upon them (not to mention their lavish lifestyles).

 

To someone like Flynn, a living-by-his-wits adventurer surviving in the jungles of New Guinea just six years before, that's quite the leap in fortune.

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Tom, can those salaries be broken down on a film by film basis? At one time James Cagney was getting a set salary like most actors but I know that in the late thirties he was doing fewer films per year but certainly making a lot more money. When Gary Cooper was loaned out to Paramount they paid him but did Goldwyn get any compensation as well? Maybe they just allowed Cooper the time off and he got his own one picture deal with Paramount. Cooper only has 2 films listed under 1939, of course when the work was done and when the film was released can throw the numbers off. Bette Davis endured a lot of down time from suspensions so that probably put a big dent in her income for that year.

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I couldn't tell you about a film-by-film breakdown of those 1939 numbers, mrroberts. It was only the bottom line figure that was supplied by my source (Film Facts, by Cobbett Steinberg).

 

In that year Davis appeared in four releases to Cagney's three and Flynn's two. It does look like Bette was underpaid compared to her two male co-workers. (I wonder if this may have played some kind of role in why she was so legendarily difficult with Flynn when they worked together that year).

 

Somewhere, I thought I read that Gary Cooper was actually Hollywood's highest paid actor in 1939. Since, as you said, he only made two films that year, Coop had plenty of reasons to smile.

 

images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS8lrIg5P9GeP5OIvt-NTW

 

That's right, fellers. I'm making a parcel of money getting dressed up like this.

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I couldn't tell you. For starters, I'm not certain if those salaries listed are the total based on a per film basis or not ( though certainly in '39 Davis was in more films than either Cagney or Flynn, yet made far less money).

 

Staying with Warners stars, by 1941 Davis' salary at the studio was surpassing Flynn's, $252,333 to $240,000. (Cagney's isn't listed but you just know he was up there). Bogart came in at a measly $95,525 but he was not yet the superstar that he soon would be.

 

The Quigley Top Ten numbers for '41 had Davis at No. 8 and Cagney at 9, the only two Warners actors on it.

 

Davis and Flynn were both in three Warners films that year. When Sam Goldwyn borrowed her for The Little Foxes that same year he had to pay Warners $385,000 for her services. Since Warners got more than their entire year's salary for Davis back from Goldwyn with that one picture deal, you would hope that she shared some of the profit. If so, then her 1941 salary was even higher than that listed above.

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I see no reason why a studio head would share the so called profits, mainly because I believe your math is way off with regards to the profit (taking what the star was paid for a year less the amount provided by another studio).

 

To me it is more logical to assume that since Davis was making The Little Foxes, WB had ONE less Davis movie for the year. How much would that ONE additional movie had made for WB? If one was to take the average profit WB made from a Davis movie during these peak years, less the cost, one might see that WB didn't make much profit by loaning Davis to Goldwyn. They could of actually lost revenue. What WB did get from the Goldwyn deal was a fixed amount with no risk.

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*Take a movie like Libel Lady? Using the box office take, would one just give 25% to each of the 4 stars or does each get 100% of the box office take (when aggregating their total box office take for a year)?*

 

 

*I see the same issue with 'audience feedback'. The team of PowellLoy was hot at the time due to The Thin Man but so was Harlow. So I have no clue which would have been the bigger draw. I think it is fair to assume that Tracy had the least amount of pull at this stage of his career.*

 

Powell/Loy were considered a team by exhibitors as well as by the public. They would receive many votes together, especially in years when they had more than one release together. Additionally, each would get votes by themselves, sometimes from the same exhibitors that voted for them as a team, if the exhibitors thought it was warranted.

 

In a case like LL, with the four stars, the exhibitors would diligently try to figure out who the top draw(s) was/were. And if that person had other hits that year, i.e. Powell in THE GREAT ZIEGFELD, ANOTHER THIN MAN, MY MAN GODFREY, etc. those would be taken into account as to whether to list that artist among the top moneymakers for that year, for your theater. It could be a complicated, as well as imprecise, system.

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*I always thought that the actors were paid a set rate per week (or whatever the pay frequency was) regardless of whether or not they were actively involved with a project. Obviously, the bigger the project and the bigger the success of the film, the more the actor's salary rose. Contract negotiations allowed actors whose presence in a film had made the film a success to demand more money for their services.*

 

That was usually the case, the weekly salary being for 40 weeks a year in most instances. The rise in salary was not based on a project being bigger normally, and the success of a film didn't necessarily translate into higher salaries, at least not immediately. One of the reasons Marilyn Monroe walked out on 20th Century Fox in early 1954, refusing to do THE GIRL IN PINK TIGHTS, was that the studio was not budging on her $1,500.00 a week salary, step-raised from the contract negotiated in December 1950, when she was a starlet. She thought (correctly) that she was worth substantiatlly more, as she had soared to superstardom in 1953. Some studios, grateful with the money being brought in by a new star, might offer a substantial raise. But Fox held the line, and what incensed Marilyn even more was that her proposed costar, Frank Sinatra, was going to get paid something like $150,000.00 for his participation. The set salary per film, as mentioned for Sinatra, was usually negotiated by those that had been stars for for a long time. The contract usually stipulated how many films they were to do per year at that price. And some stars, often females, would get per diem or weekly allowances along with the flat rate, while the film was in production.

 

*I also am curious as to how someone would be compensated if they took on multiple roles to produce the film. For example, an actor writes, directs, produces and stars in a film. Do they get one salary? Or four salaries?*

 

Usually a studio would negotiate a contract with an individual as ONLY a Director contract, Producer Contract, Writer contract, etc. Of course, some. especially highly regarded directors, took on more than one hat on a given project. But normally the separation of tasks was rigorously enforced.

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*Davis and Flynn were both in three Warners films that year. When Sam Goldwyn borrowed her for The Little Foxes that same year he had to pay Warners $385,000 for her services. Since Warners got more than their entire year's salary for Davis back from Goldwyn with that one picture deal, you would hope that she shared some of the profit. If so, then her 1941 salary was even higher than that listed above.*

 

Usually, when a star was loaned out to another studio, the home studio would pay the star their usual salary, whether weekly or by film, and pocket the rest. They were legally able to do this, since the stars' contracts were with their own studio.

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Thanks for the info, Arturo. It does sound, like the stars used to complain, that they were treated like indentured servants. With the scripts constantly being shoved at them and the long hours, it couldn't have been an easy life in many ways. Except, of course, for the fact that the biggest stars were also paid the kind of money that makes it difficult to give them that much sympathy.

 

I know that Raoul Walsh had a lot of debts (former wives and the racetrack). He was forever asking Jack Warner for advance loans, with which JL did oblige. In doing so, however, it kept Walsh in further debt to the studio and less likely to object to any projects handed to him.

 

I wonder how much this may have applied to others also under contract to the studios.

 

Now that I think about it, when it comes to the loanouts done by Warner during the Golden Era, there are only a handful that come to mind: Davis for The Little Foxes (Goldwyn), Olivia for GWTW (Selznick) and Hold Back the Dawn (Paramount), Lupino for Moonrise and Life Begins at 8:30 (Fox), Garfield for Tortilla Flat (MGM), Eddie G. for a couple at MGM in the late '30s. There may be a few others that don't come to mind. Warner didn't loan out his stars often.

 

Flynn signed a renewed 1947 contract in which it was agreed that he could do one outside film a year, which he did with a couple of features at MGM.

 

Nor did it happen much, that I can think of, at least, with Warners' directors. Walsh was loaned to Republic for Dark Command in 1940, his only film away from the studio for years. Perhaps it was a case of the studios all feeling that they had plenty of directors of their own for the tasks. To get a particular star from another studio, particularly one considered to be hot, would be a different matter.

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Raoul Walsh had been married to actress Miriam Cooper and they divorced in 1926. She never remarried so he was obligated to pay alimony. As late as 1940 she had him in court for failing to make his payments. Sounds like Raoul liked living on the edge with his finances.

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Raoul Walsh liked his tales, and he liked 'em tall. And that included leaving out a lot of details in his life, as well. He enjoyed inventing stuff about himself, and he was, later in life after his retirement, a great raconteur with film students. There was a Men Who Made the Movies episode about him made in the early '70s in which you can see him holding students in rapt attention with his anecdotes. There he sat, with that piratical patch over one eye, along with cowboy boots and hat, a natural character and showman.

 

Among the things that Walsh left out of his autobiography were references to his first and, I believe, second wife. He was a largely stoic man, who didn't open up much about his personal life too much, but certainly loved making movies and making friends. He had distant relations with his own sons so that when he later wrote that he loved Errol Flynn like one, it's not at all inconceivable that wild Errol was, in fact, a substitute son for him.

 

At the end of his life Walsh gradually lost the sight in his one good eye, finally becoming blind and had to rely upon his wife more and more. But he remained relatively optimistic, relying more upon his other senses then.

 

Walsh dictated the following letter after going blind:

 

"The trees speak to me in the wind. I know the soft dignity of the pine tree, and the oak tree with the chatter of the little gray squirrels, and I know the sad music of the tall Eucalyptus tree.

 

It is not a terrible thing at all to be old. I have seen the young folk start out in life, and before them there's the shower and lightning. But I am in warm, brown October."

 

The day before Walsh died, at age 93, he was flirting with a nurse. No wonder Errol Flynn loved him.

 

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!

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>To me it is more logical to assume that since Davis was making The Little Foxes, WB had ONE less Davis movie for the year. How much would that ONE additional movie had made for WB?

 

According to Goldwyn's son, the Davis loan was also part of a large gambling debt that Jack Warner owed to Goldwyn. It was big, something like a quarter-million. There was also a matter of Warner needing Gary Cooper for Sergeant York, so that was part of the deal. Otherwise, the real York would not have approved the film - not without Cooper.

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I didn't know that the Davis loanout included an exchange for Cooper, clore. That worked out rather well for Warners since Sergeant York was their biggest money maker of 1941, bringing the studio great prestige, as well, at the time. FDR would have loved this film (not to mention Mr. Churchill).

 

A not-so-subtle swipe at isolationists in America, since it features a religious pacifist reluctantly drafted who becomes the country's most decorated hero during WWI, Sergeant York is a film that doesn't seem to enjoy the reputation today that it once had.

 

Perhaps it's the blatant propaganda aspect of the film dating it that has done its reputation harm. I have always had great affection for the film, in particular the first three quarters dealing with the stoic mannerisms and homespun humour of Tennesse hill folk.

 

I love watching the interplay between Cooper and Margaret Wycherly as Ma York ( a far cry from the character she would play eight years later in White Heat). Yes, the studio backdrops in Sergeant York become a little obvious at times in this studio-bound production, but Cooper, I feel, is at his best, certainly in the film's first portion. The expressiveness of his eyes in that stoic face were rarely better utilized. Walter Brennan gives strong support in one of his patented rustic characterizations. Heck, I even find Joan Leslie charming in the film, even though I concede her characterization is pure Hollywood hokum.

 

The film has some stunning photography (that wonderful shot of Leslie walking up to York on the hilltop as he pulls a horse-drawn plough is quite breath taking), as well as a lovely musical score by Max Steiner. And I adore director Hawks' staging of the turkey shoot, beautifully edited, as a homespun set piece.

 

Sergeant+York.jpg

 

However, Sergeant York is a Howard Hawks film that the Hawks afficionadoes NEVER discuss while at the same time endlessly extolling the virtues of Red River, Rio Bravo, or Only Angels Have Wings, among others.

 

By the way, it's my understanding that the real Sergeant York found that in the frenzy of battle he enjoyed the killing (shades of Lawrence of Arabia?). That is something that Warners would dare not even hint at in this film portrait, for obvious reasons.

 

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!

 

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IVAzitZ8OWMEGnLMoG6QZJoKeHRZpOZ5NvsKOt9Hs4sMw3MPWrV4xk84oWYxxqTmglV44k2oAB7VyOPx2wvaqOa2SYB8tFW2tQwABzx3NBYTRPF5lUY6VAcuvlB6n2s29yCg82fSuy3cMQO0Kv1NA1IzjzEKncmo7i8ijQpZRgHvIRUUl3DJhpZkb2B4FD3l1Aqjw3U1AK4sSxYk9TmlUJv1z8v86VAJANz4Eu2reKymdRiWqBkBORwaNsdSlt3AY7gPWg0FvbXo4VwcdM1NdC7uoRDIVVc8mrXSJrO9txLG4348y0HcGKW5MCyY2nmgpJLWSGUbXziq67V2mwSMmry4uYyLmGJASgY1QXBJYnvQG2UMun3KyeIpLDBFd1KYZ5AJYce9VKvNLIFDEk8A0S0jKzlMEgbQWXPFAHeOxUIP5HgUJtdygB5PH1qedi8mCMZOc9qjeYWyEouQ5AHpQD30p/VR/IvU/vGrr4KkU31r4h/V3G3PoHUjuKzU0zkdR9xozRboW91uYlImG13/AHe4P3EA/dQewajbKCwAAHqaqJ7OPw3lf5VHNHR33oWST9JMbZFH7LDqP7j2IofVmEemYzjPzElBmwr3DsY1JXpnpU5uL3T13PcPMP24nbt7GoG1ZkAitopBAnaNQST60PcavbTALLBIhJ5aTOaB8OrXKyLKsbhwcJ3x91Cy3c9xdhWJyxyxPU5pkl1GWHgpJj1UU6K6e5uYnkYl0yMkc49KCPVb6W0u4YopNqxhWUEbuvf0yKL02CKeAvZzM0oGZN/zkv0qsuglxczI3m9/cdf/ag7K4lsrpXjbBU8GgviZ5DgqW96njs3kh3Ljdn5asYLm2v4tylYZWHPpmj7K3is1L3MijNBm4dKu55U3IyxlgCfatVqF3ZafAtvE4AVcU2fVIEIRGG0DpVPK9rczSeGu8tyS3agHutceQeHbKSfaodPtNT1iRxF5QOrNwKZEsUErG2ex9K5LPMWCwylMHIIPANBPLoV1E0fjSLhmxxXJdGXxi0zgKP2Vqy05b9ACkYHDSH1XkGkpAhkdWkkxwW7UGce0nt4Y0tLUxq5wrMMZoW40O7lmCNLvc/MM4CitNcBzCXdiMDymmQvGhw5YEqOT60FOvwqiRhriQkngBKD1P4Ye2hhNtOZpZOSo/ZFaX7SrJh3ACHjmoPt9uT4cThmzkt2A9KDHDR73G59xSrXHVbRDtD7QO1KgyFlbveErDgkdeatbTR1t5llvXTaOdvqay1tdS2solgYq4/nRV3qc16waU4YdwaCyu9Va2vmktvIoPRT1qWPVomje4kz4zHAUelZ12LnA5NTxlYsFjlqDQWtwFSeSWIqsgwM0BKwwxLAKByaZBdSSqFYHYeM1Bqisk6WSnkEbvdj/igfYSSSyKBthHlX3PrT3cYJHrU0pS2ijiXGFx/IjP9aHRdzke/pQdjjJUBhnnNTyQLJb7RgE9KjnGFwDQ3jsvTmgrp7ORZMSYUZ5JNNni8OziI/wCYzN9QDgf3oyUGdwoPLHGasdas1SyshGcx7WC5vT/AL9aC8BpxLojOrkmB9lwpOdq/sOPuyD7AelW2uQvLZbV6DBFYHRr7+GNYJKZVhsliJ4ZeuPrXpFncWup2H2mxkDQdHjPzR2KDJQPHbTBriPcq5yvPJ7VBcaozOSkCKv7tWGpSQw3BTA29jjrQjPbsgT39aAJrppgQYvvUauYd8oA3YARTxkntKWeNJcKMjuBxVdNctPcGXcSqjCZ/rQSQybJNxORk5NNkCmUsBx1ApkWDCKntJ0jkzJuKHhgvU1B2G9ki4QcemaubDW2lTwLq28SHHLA8j3FUAja4uW8JPKTwPQVaQWcsBDfKQOvZaC0vbcBfGt5A8eO5wRVaJpVcnIUYpjzPKwht1aVgevYVbRaKDEpnlO8jzYoKGe6G7BY4HQCrn4X02TVrhjOTFboM88FqMi060hbyxKT6mjVIiGE8q98cUGg8Ww06FYbcVfTvQlzr6bSI4xjpkms5fXvG1TFVk105HU0F1caw5PlI46D0oCbUXYks2TVWzlvWmOWPXJFARNeucNj2zUBmY85/nUJzTc0ExklKhyDnrSoOpo15u5Qc9TPokyr86glWTvLb4KyFsdilQyanI3I27h1FBUyWstt8y5PqKnTTLrwhLLH4at0aU7c/jVtplwLieR5IhuiiaRcjgkUz4ru/tcFlMDnfDmgsvh34fVo4729cOo86Ih8pA7ms2XM2uu7cnc7fhXoNu6Wk29suPFa1GB7AV5/pabtbVW4LiRfv2k/2oO377ruSNeix4/INOslMrMRn1/GmXimK9ud3QDtSadIUg3AZBPP0FBJcjYnv2NAODjPejJpfFHB6g2ODignsIHkcsBwOM1qtQszqNjo1jnauJZ5SAM48oAqr02Lw4F8vbZonUNRNvuSM4eO2CLn3Y/wCKCv1jRJI5Wlt52mY/MHO4/j/mqixOq6ZM8losirt/SZ5Uj37UTY31wbgRFJCSWPO0dSfuANCarqUt5JsDMLZT5UHGR6n1PvQcg16lcmNXVWIZly3BPoKmubT7Oo36grYHIVR5T6darZT4jDw0EYAx5M85Pc1EIBn1oHyS58viM4PbGM04Ev0G0CupAM9KsdNtrmWZfskRdl5zjIFAPBDIsI3I3PQ4qy07QHufFnmfwYlG7BPLUbElrY2rveXDNcg/qz61IZL3UYIpzhEY4UL0AHegbG1tp0CgpmU88ck/4p8NnPqPmnPgw/uDvRlrp1vFkYeJJ81SXFwFGAMfSg5HBb2aAQgD7qje4LtnNCu5kNLbjmgPWUYyetB3d4zeVc4qPcT34qKVlzwMUEEjEmoue9TNj2qJiO1BGWPaubjjpTiAa5j2oGYzXCtPY4HFMLACgZSp2KVBYyaiO1dgtrm6kikeH9CWBLMMZFA6TbG7ucEFlQbiPWrrVrzxlWOFvCKLgrkYoOX2oRyyxCCRNyMYZVjXAw3A/79qrbyBn0yB5KFoj7EMf80NAUF6CGAZsbse3IP41ZaCzXaSQTeaW3uQfVT/4oCte1M2mu253eSAKpx6Y5qrvkNhrscyDKJMHGO65/wAUF8SSiTVJzk4LVfaXJb6lZWU0xO6L9HKeR0/ligG1e3Zbpn2kxurRuQehU/4xQaARoFUYHp6VYzXlveXjCLcDMWKBFLKQCP5ZoO5iKORGRj2oIBH4j5B2n1H96jVBJOsbjkt17Gpd4RcDgnqaJtYV1xk8jr9OKC2hQAKB3NUOqSlr67GeFEa/yPa0UQHmOMBRNZa65mu3J5kmO36DigFgfa07ekRUH6kf2zUSpnGa4MgSe5A/rXQOmaBzRMq5K8HvXEBJAXLE9AKsLLTb/WZVjtIzsUAFz8orSLb6V8MpumZbq9A6dQDQVulfDjyRfadQYQQD944JojUPiC1sIzaaPHt7GTHJlUeufENzqEh3vhOyL0FMHbM3Vz483yJ0B7mgMtdKuLTx7xiFY5x3NaW2t4beNUbiNegpgnSIZwPbFV9zeFnJLcUFlc3UQBWLgVVyy7j60G9ySeDXBc4HPNAYj4I3V2ecY4FVj3JJp6ys680BDTlu2MUPI5NTKq7eetNKCgh3MetdRM8mpBH6VLHDxQNSINyRXTEMcCiAmBimthaAJ0xxUQQE0TKRQ7ntQc20qaWNKgsvhSCSS1vZ8lQ67EPvWbmmmspZ4nUPuOMt/Wt5HGlrFHDHjQcBR3rMfFVsElV0XykcnFBnxOxIYEqwORVroutC11UXEoCLIuyT09jNU5xyKhlJA9qC21gFdQlyc5OQfUVJod88EsturfrRuQHpuHb7x/agoZ/tlsIZDmiX9Gx/aX0oobcyurocMpyCPWgPuLhfFLBmCb9xjzgqfUGrz4fu/8AUIZxJhpoVzz1ZfU/TvWZvZI5pfGiG3eMsvoe9FaB9oj1S0mgyg8ZU3Y4OTyPwoLie0kmljjtUMkss2xUXqT6UfpsUiyutwMNCSrcE4Ppx9Kvbuzis7tbnAjG7J9AfWqmTcbmeZXVllYOv6QbjwBz2zx0oCZbhIoXYMDtXc3PYe3WsUl3vz4hzliee2TV1dXEkrPDK0ke7I4OMg8EVzT/AIWe5mTaT4fJYvwMCgqQjSYSNC7s3AXkmtPpXwvFFEL3W5BDCORHnk/WiJ7vTPh1NlpGk1wByMc1lNV126v5C08hIHRR0H3UGm1b4oSGA2mkRrBB03AYJrGXd08jlpHJJ96HeZpG61GV/eOTQSQxvcSqi9Sa19ui2Nqka8HHNU2iW3h/p36rGZy7E0D5LhiuCaFeQk9aa5OeaYMk0DsmuMSacqk9RTmQ0EOM1JGSCOa4VPvT0X1FBP4nFNM2DUbA9q4qHPNBOkxNTLNihenSluJoCXuOOtQPcE0wjimhaCQNu61yQAd6WSBUbBmPNA3ytKl4Z9aVBodRnaZ0MW7GartQU3VvIkhUEKSCT0xyay813dK7LJI27POTQ5lkORvb3560HSeTTeDxS6/WnLgGgdbWks0ypbxvJIT5VQEkn2xVrqPw/qFjcwJqMXgPNglSwLKCcZIHSj4ZrKwTSLq3kaGRsM8bHeD6j0obXddt9Rk2WNo0aqCPEc5dvqfuoBNR0uKzvpoFkd1jbAJAGaO02F3VHZvDgt2DAgckjsPeupaG/ltZGTYHj3TkZGMHBPPc8VbXSKq7VAjhQeVR0AoKfV9TnmleWSVyWPQt2o/QbpLbTpLnVYzNESWhhbrIR79QPf61XXDWqurSDeFIYLj5vr7f1qG4vGunLSNkkY9AB6AdhQXnXumwvFe3aRyvKp2RL/yznpg07XvinEkVpboI0ii2sy/tMTk1j5UeOQSRE5FdeOefaoUnuWPU5oG3d607kknmh0XxGG4kCra10YnzSjJ9KKOkAtyOlBRypglYxREVq0zKegIyavY9IXGSKetk0Zwi5oIYx4YVewqRioNSNZzYzioHtpF60DGG48VJHDmmiNgelTBitB1YwOtIqKgeRs8U3ex70BIVTTtiihBIR3NOEp9aCZlHao2FcMvFRtLQJiR0phLklODg0mtBwK/c1w8d6YzkUwvmgmDY6mmtKB0NDM1NJFAQZfmpUIVB5zSoKa4lkaVi0jknuWNRb2z8zfjSpUHQ7/vtNdEj5dvxpUqB/iyeCF8RsBumanSeZbQqJZAu7OAxxSpUBEd9eCFgLqfBxx4hqO4vLpwoe5mYZHBkJpUqAR55WYlpXJz1LGkssmf1j/AJjSpUEy3E2P10n5jUi3VwDxPKPo5pUqCVb67HS6n/3DXft15/1c/wDuH/NKlQdF/e/9Xcf7rf5pyX96D/xdx/ut/mlSoHNqN9t/4y4/3W/zUTX14et3Of8AhpUqCP7Zdf9TN/uGufa7n/qJvzmlSoGm6uP48v5zS1XH8eX85pUqBG6uP48v5zS03H8eX85pUqDn2mf8Ajy/nNN0z/xpPzmlSoF9pn/jSfnNd03GP18v5zSpUDTcT/xpPzGuGebNJY0qVA3x5f4r/AJjSM0uP1j/mNKlQc8aX+I/5jSpUqD//2Q==!

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mrroberts, the book is called Raoul Walsh The True Adventures of Hollywood's Legendary Director, by Marilyn Ann Moss.

 

It's an ironic title, since the authoress fully acknowledges that it is impossible to verify much of the early activity of the director's self-mythologizing.

 

It's an interesting read. Unfortunately, it's the only book about the director, I believe. Curiously, though, Moss doesn't attempt to address Walsh's autobiographical claim that, as a prank, he almost got George Raft to drop off Brooklyn Bridge during the filming of The Bowery.

 

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!

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I'd like to believe that Walsh's story about Raft and the Brooklyn Bridge was a tall tale. No one could have been expected to survive such a thing. If Walsh was kidding around I hope Raft wasn't dumb enough to consider it seriously. Still, it makes for an interesting story.

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Not surprisingly, mrroberts, I found the Walsh book particularly involving once it gets to the director's years at Warners.

 

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A young Walsh in Mexico working with the real Pancho Villa on The Life of Villa

 

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With Annie Sheridan on the set for They Drive By Night

 

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Walsh dining with a pal, Ida Lupino

 

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Joking with Gable on A King and Four Queens

 

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He had quite a life

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