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June 8, 1949 FBI Reports Hollywood Figures as Communists

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It was June 8 1949 when the FBI named a number of Hollywood people as members of the Communist Party.  The list included John Garfield and Edward G Robinson.  Later Congress cited 10 writers and directors for contempt for refusing to disclose their political affiliations.  They came to be known as the Hollywood 10 and were convicted and imprisoned.


The atmosphere generated by these events is often cited as a contributing factor in the mood of Film Noir of the period.

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Film Noir evolved from the dislocation and life disruption that unrolled with the end of the war. HUAC fed into that upheaval so I agree, in many ways, noir reflected the post-war sense of anomie. Many noir characters are vets working on repairing lost lives.  

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This is why "Film Noir" can be seen as a movement, based on the culture and society of the time.  It wasn't just Hollywood, it was everywhere and teachers in schools having to take loyalty oaths.  And we now know the FBI were following many people.

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